Hebrews 1:14; Hebrews 3:11; Hebrews 3:18; Hebrews 4:3-5; Hebrews 4:10-11; Hebrews 6:12; Hebrews 6:17). References. New Living Translation. Thorns & Thistles are Worthless and in Danger of Being Cursed (Hebrews 6:7-8) Hebrews 6:9-10. Professing Christians are also therefore to be afraid lest they too fail to enter into God’s promised rest, by coming short of God’s promise, by failing to benefit from it. These contradictory positions show that the meaning of the text is not … The same principle is applicable to the spiritual life. Their ruin will be as startling to themselves as to others. The word fear in this verse means anxiety or extreme caution, not to make the same mistake the Israelites made. In Christ alone God is revealed as just, and the justifier of those who believe. .’ “For indeed we, even as also they, have had a gospel preached to us.” We should have expected an expressed , but its suppression shows us that the writer wishes to emphasise . Hebrews 4:1-11 New International Version (NIV) A Sabbath-Rest for the People of God 4 Therefore, since the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us be careful that none of you be found to have fallen short of it. by an entering into it: and there is a promise of this, which is This would point to it signifying the situation of the truly believing person, whose full faith is in what Jesus Christ has accomplished, so that he recognises that there is nothing left for him himself to do but partake in Christ, because Jesus Christ has done all. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. This rest is a finished work God has completed (4-5) IV. Let us therefore fear, &c.— The promise of God's rest, signifies such a rest as his is; namely, a state of peace and enjoyment, and freedom from labour. We must believe if we want to enter (2-3) III. 2) It is like the rest of God on the seventh day on His ceasing His ‘works’ of creation (Hebrews 4:4), a ‘sabbath-rest’, a resting on the seventh day with all ‘works’ completed (Hebrews 4:9). Let us, therefore, fear, &c. St. Paul continues his exhortation to them, not to be like the incredulous Jews, and so to be excluded from the place of eternal rest. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. That is not the rest that is in view. , Plato, Apol., p. 42] into His (i.e., God’s) rest, any of you (not ) should fancy that he has come too late for it; . The writer used the term "rest" as Moses did, as an equivalent to entering into all the inheritance that God promised His people ( Deuteronomy 3:18-20; Deuteronomy 12:9-11; cf. (1) Let us therefore fear.âThe emphasis rests upon âfear,â not upon âus.â It is noteworthy that the writer begins with âLet us,â though about to write âlest any of you;â he will have gained his object if he brings his readers to share his fear. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Any of you should seem to come short of it -. Because of this, the ‘Promised Land’ is set up as a type of the kingdom, and both may be referred to as ‘God’s rest.’ God’s rest and Genesis 2:2. Hebrews 4:1 “Let us therefore fear, lest, a…”: Translation, Meaning. The differentiation between the spiritual motivations of God's intent and the psychological motivations of a fleshly desire to seek "a logical alternative to faith" can be very difficult to discern. short of it. Here ‘works’ would seem to indicate the ‘labour’ that a man puts in, in order to attempt to secure his own salvation, his ‘dead works’. One promise of it, intend the Gospel and its dispensation, the Revelation 21:8. "Today," rightly used, terminates in the rest which, when once obtained, is never lost (Revelation 3:12). Being left us - still remaining to us after the others have, by neglect, lost it. The second was the rest that they could obtain when they took His yoke on them and learned of Him to walk in trust and humility before God, at which they would find rest to their souls. He concludes that there was reason to fear lest the Jews to whom he was writing should be deprived of the blessing offered to them; and then he says, lest anyone, intimating that it was his anxious desire to lead them, one and all, to God; for it is the duty of a good shepherd, in watching over the whole flock so to care for every sheep that no one may be lost; nay, we ought also so to feel for one another that every one should fear for his neighbors as well as for himself. God's rest, ( Isaiah 66:1 Isaiah 66:2 ) and the The expression reflects significant light on the inner meaning of all God’s guidance of Israel’s history. come short = have failed. Hebrews 4:1. The slothful servant feared his master, because he viewed him as an austere man. Hebrews 4:1. Most of our earlier versions (following Luther and Erasmus) give to this clause a different turn, which cannot be correct: âLest any of you by forsaking the promise of entering in His rest.â. None of the original readers had failed to enter their rest (inheritance) because they had missed the Lord"s return. This fact that we are entering in by faith is in accordance with the utterance quoted already in Hebrews 3:11, , ’ “I sware in my wrath, they shall not enter into my rest, although the works were finished from the foundation of the world”. His rest - God's heavenly rest, of which Canaan is the type. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. ], "An eschatological understanding of "my rest" in. We are not to doubt the truth of the Divine promise, and the more firmly we believe it the more active shall we be in the fulfilment of every duty; but we are to fear the treachery of our own hearts. and to be disappointed of that rest and peace promised in it. Some particular blessing in the eschatological future. Or, though the earthly rest has been entered, the promise of the heavenly still remains. Any of you should seem to come short of it.âRather, any one of you should be accounted to have come short of it. Amplified: THEREFORE, WHILE the promise of entering His rest still holds and is offered [today], let us be afraid … The fearful are classed with the unbelieving. Subsequent generations of Israelites experienced the same partial rest, as the Book of Judges reveals. diseases, where it rests under the guardianship of the Spirit, Let us then fear, not that we ought to tremble or to entertain distrust as though uncertain as to the issue, but lest we be unfaithful to Godâs grace. This clause confirms both the statements of the previous verse: “we have the promise as well as they,” for we are entering into the rest [note the emphatic position of ]; and “the word failed them because of their lack of faith,” for it is our faith [ ] which is carrying us into the rest. Showing Diligence … Usage. The Lord's People are here shewn, that Christ is their Rest. grave, from work, service, and labour, and from distempers and The principle of fear is implanted in our constitution, without it our natural life could not be preserved; we might from principle avoid what is dangerous, but dangers arise where there is no time for reflection, and we shrink from them instinctively. The readers might fail to enter their rest, in the sense of losing part of their inheritance, if they apostatized. The Lord promises to put His fear into His people"s hearts, that they may not depart from Him. “Gloomy imaginations of failure were rife among the Hebrews” (Rendall). "I"m Just a Poor Wayfaring Stranger"). The promise of entering the promised land was See Romans 3:23. For those who do not believe do not enter it (Hebrews 4:3). â Ed. or with our "heavenly husband" [Note: Bruce, p, 78.] A direful result is this for us to. See, for example, Psalms 116:7, where it resulted from His saving activity; Psalms 132:14 where the psalmist desired to rest in God’s presence; Isaiah 28:12, where it was offered to God’s professing people, and they rejected it; Isaiah 30:15, where it spoke of an attitude of heart required of God’s people, which they again rejected; Isaiah 32:17-18, where it was to be a part of a life of confidence, quietness and peace, the result of the pouring out of the Spirit from above; and Ezekiel 38:11, where it spoke of the assured confidence and blessing of God’s people who rest securely in Him and under His protection so that no other is needed. ... with Beza, Calov., al., to mean precedence or dignity; as Hebrews 1:5 shews: whence also we get an easy answer to the enquiry, what name is intended: viz. Let us fear—Implying a belief in its practical possibility and an earnest desire to avoid it. 1) It is entered by believing. With His dying breath He proclaimed that the work of expiation was finished, and the Father Revelation -echoed the declaration from the bounds of the everlasting hills by raising Him from the dead and placing in His hands the reins of universal dominion, and exalting Him at the right-hand of the throne of God a Prince and a Savior, to give repentance to Israel and the remission of sins. We then enter into our "Sabbath rest," the rest that follows a full period of work (i.e, a lifetime; cf. What does Hebrews 4:1 mean? Present rest in (enjoyment of) our riches in Christ, 3. Let us therefore fear. Lest, somehow, haply. Christ having passed into the Heavens, is made an unanswerable Argument, to come unto him boldly. ; lest, after once being pardoned and sanctified, we at last are seen to have fallen and become lost. or with some other particular blessing in the future. But the early church did not as a whole think in terms of death but of the second coming. Another view is that rest refers to the present life of the believer who rests in the Lord: the "faith rest" life. For Christians, it means enjoying all the blessings that God has promised that faithful believers will experience in heaven. Does the promise still remain of entering His rest? Proverbs 1:7. Hebrews 4:1-16. They were not to be bound up in meritorious works. Later the writer urged his readers to wait patiently for the Lord to return ( Hebrews 10:36-37). Isaiah 8:13. Hebrews 4:1-11 has been used, on one hand, to support the observance of the Sabbath commandment by Christians; and on the other hand, as evidence for the rejection of a literal obedience to the commandment. The people"s responses to these tests determined the amount of rest they experienced. As it is possible to receive a greater or a lesser inheritance (reward), it is also possible to enter into more or less rest. ‘Rest’ in God was an Old Testament theme. Hebrews 4:1-2. . Let us therefore fear. We must bring to mind here that Jesus spoke of a twofold rest in Matthew 11:28-29. be held (or, be adjudged) to have come short ofâ the promise. "An eschatological understanding of "my rest" in Psalm 95:11 is presupposed in Hebrews 4:1 and is fundamental to the exhortation to diligence to enter God"s rest in Hebrews 4:1-11." 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18; 2 Thessalonians 2:1-12). G5399. 4 Therefore, since a promise remains of entering His rest, let us fear lest any of you seem to have come short of it. This view seems unlikely because of how the writer equated rest and inheritance after the pattern of Old Testament usage, namely, as a future possession. application of the blood and righteousness of Christ to the We read of those who feasted themselves without fear; and it is written, blessed is he that feareth always. This quotation confirms the first clause of the verse, because it proves two things: first, that God had a rest, and second, that He intended that man should rest with Him, because it was “in His wrath,” justly excited against the unbelieving (cf.Hebrews 3:9-10), that He sware they should not enter in. Crossing the Jordan marked the beginning of God"s testing of the new Israelite generation. Jesus told us "My Father is still working, and I am working also". In contrast for God’s people there is rest, and was intended to be from the beginning. What Does Hebrews 4:10 Mean? —In view of the fearful examples of apostasy in last chapter. The writer himself could have done this. Hebrews 4:2. Therefore, while the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us fear lest any of you should seem to have failed to reach it. What does His rest refer to? The present tense would suggest a present experience for him and his readers. dokeō- is often used so as to appear to give no essential addition to the sense of a passage, though it is probable that it always gave a shading to the meaning. "Sanctify the Lord of hosts himself; and let him be your fear, let him be your dread." Throughout this epistle the writer used the terms "rest" and "inheritance" as the Old Testament used them when speaking of what the Israelites in the wilderness anticipated. It is the rest described in Matthew 11:28-29, a rest of heart, soul and spirit, which results in finding deeper rest as they take Christ’s yoke on them, and will of course result in their final rest with Him beyond the grave (John 14:1-3; Revelation 14:13). It would mean that believers, by entering the church, are already heirs of the kingdom. Hebrews 4:1. Hodges, " Hebrews," p788.]. The Pharisee’s yoke was very heavy. Hebrews 4:1 Therefore, let us fear if, while a promise remains of entering His rest, any one of you may seem to have come short of it. This cannot be the meaning because God has promised heaven to every believer regardless of our faithfulness to Him ( Ephesians 1:3-14; 1 Thessalonians 5:10; 2 Timothy 2:13; 1 Peter 1:3-6; et al.). God has assured all Christians of enjoying the millennial kingdom and our "heavenly husband" (i.e, Jesus Christ). While I no longer see Hebrews 4:8-10 as a proof text for the Sabbath, the message of Hebrews 4 has become laden with a deeper meaning for the seventh-day Sabbath. God had to work again there because man had sinned. φοβέω Phobeo ... Devotionals about Hebrews 4:1 . left in Christ's hands, and shall never fail; though some who Let us . "Happy is the man that feareth always: but he that hardeneth his heart shall fall into mischief." He rests in Christ. There have been in all ages many unprofitable hearers; and unbelief is at the root of all unfruitfulness under the word. The generation of Israelites that crossed the Jordan with Joshua only entered into partial rest in the land due to their failure to trust and obey God completely. He trusts fully in Christ’s sacrifice for him and knows that he cannot and need not add anything to it. This should be clear from the context. much in communion with him; and besides, heaven is the place of Chapter 3 used the example of Israel's failure in the desert. Tweet ... What Does it Mean to Fall Away? In a special sense Jesus Christ stands as the center of the book of Hebrews. Future (eschatological) enjoyment of all that God wants us to enjoy (i.e, our full inheritance), 4. Israel"s compromises with the Canaanites mitigated their rest. Likewise the Christian"s response to his tests (whether he will trust and obey God faithfully or depart from God"s will) determines how much rest he or she will enjoy. The Lord knoweth them that are his; they shall inherit the land, the elect shall obtain it; but we are exhorted to fear lest we should seem to come short of it, lest the cares of this world and the deceitfulness of riches should choke the word; lest believers, being led away by the error of the wicked, should fall from their own steadfastness. faith, and a profession of it; and the Gospel is the promise or He knows that Jesus Christ his great High Priest has done and will do all that is required for his salvation (Hebrews 4:14-16 in the light of what follows in the letter). [For . 4 1 “For indeed the day 2 is coming, burning like a furnace, and all the arrogant evildoers will be chaff. What does Hebrews 4:1 mean? This would arise from a consciousness within them that they need no longer be concerned about their ‘labours’ and ‘burdens’ as they followed Him. declaration which was left among these Hebrews, and in the world, Hebrews 4:10(ESV) Verse Thoughts. For Christians, it means enjoying all the blessings that God has promised that faithful believers will experience in heaven. 3) It is what Israel failed to enter into (Hebrews 4:5). Hebrews 4:1 Context. Greek. not the land of Canaan, the type of heaven, but rather heaven rest both of soul and body after the resurrection, from sin, from [Note: Pentecost, pp80-81; Wiersbe, 2:289. Hebrews 4:1-3, 9-12: "strive to enter the rest of God" Moving to the next passage, from Hebrews 4 this time, we read: "Therefore, while the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us fear lest any of you should seem to have failed to reach it. The Apostle, who tells the Hebrews to fear lest a promise being left of entering into rest any of them should seem to come short of it, teaches the Philippians to rejoice in the Lord always, and again He says, Rejoice. The emphasis in this second quotation (Hebrews 4:5) is on the word . The first was a rest of soul given by Him to those who came to Him. This verse teaches the important truth that, though heaven is offered to us, and that a “rest” is promised to us if we seek it, yet that there is reason to think that many may fail of reaching it who had expected to obtain it. Hebrews, Epistle to. All rights reserved. have hoped for it may come short of it, or at least seem to do 4:1) to allow God to be and do all He wants to be and do in their lives, but at the same time they have psychologically patterned thoughts and attitudes of self-oriented desire to act and "be all they can be for God." [Note: Dillow, p83.]. Matthew 11:28] results in a glaring inconsistency. Hebrews 4:1-11 Delivered 11/12/2000. of Proud member This godly fear, instead of debasing the mind, inspires courage and freedom; it preserves us from vain security, checks self-confidence, and makes us vigilant against everything that may endanger our safety. for whoever has entered God's rest has also rested from his works as God did from his. On the other hand it could be argued that the writer had possible death through persecution very much in mind as in Revelation (but see Hebrews 12:4 where it is tribulation rather than death that is seemingly in his mind). diffidence and distrust of the power, grace, and goodness of God; Promise. The question is, does this refer to a Christian’s experience when he becomes a new creature in Christ (2 Corinthians 5:17) with the resultant freedom from dead works in the rest of faith, and thus available now to believers, or does it have in mind those who ‘have died and entered into rest’? Each succeeding generation throughout the history of Israel faced its own tests. It also seems better to identify rest with our full future inheritance rather than solely with participation in the Millennium [Note: G. H. Lang, The Epistle to the Hebrews, p73.] Hebrews 4:1-13 Enter God's Rest . Hebrews 4:1. Let us therefore fear. We should note further that there is a great emphasis in the passage on ceasing from works. Hebrews 4:1-3 New King James Version (NKJV) The Promise of Rest. But He had come to deliver men from such things. His yoke and burden were in contrast easy and light. … But the former seems more likely in view of the fact that the entry is in order prevent a fall into disobedience, hardly to be seen as a likelihood after death. (Hebrews 4:10). Furthermore, if rest equals enjoying our spiritual blessings now, the writer should have warned his readers about losing their rest if they departed from God ( Hebrews 3:12). It was well that the Israelites should be aware of the power of their enemies, but they lost sight of the power of God. Hebrews 1:4 - having become as much better than the angels, as He has inherited a more excellent name than they. his Gospel, and the good of others; but if the rest, and the Introduction. The accusative is best attested (see critical note), but the sense “not mixed by faith with those who heard,” i.e., Caleb and Joshua, is most improbable.] "Today" continues, during which is the danger of failing to reach the rest. He who had opened the sea for them to pass through, who had given them manna and water from the rock, who had guided them through the pathless wilderness in a pillar of cloud by day and fire by night, could easily have given them the victory; but they walked by sight, they looked at the Canaanites and refused to attack them. Canaan. The thread which unifies chapter 1 is that the Son is superior to the angels. It is an eschatological rest, not a present rest. Hebrews 4:1–2 functions as transition and summary of 3:7–19 and 4:3–13. The Apostle is far from giving encouragement to that fear which hath torment, which is cast out by perfect love. Each succeeding generation throughout the history of Israel faced its own tests. In proof of which our own experience may be cited: “For we are entering into the rest, we who have believed”. Here we see the analogy to which we have referred between the natural and spiritual life. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] This verse continues the line of thought from chapter 3. The writer proceeds therefore to prove that this promise is left and is still open. However, some see it as a futuristic present and refer the ‘rest’ to the afterlife. They had the promise of God pledged to their fathers Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, their own triumph over the Egyptians at the Red Sea to assure them of victory; but all the proofs of His power in the wilderness were forgotten, and they only thought of the prowess of the Canaanites, and, by refusing to enter the land, they came short of the promised rest. By saying Lest we be disappointed of the promise left us, he intimates that no one comes short of it except he who by rejecting grace has first renounced the promise; for God is so far from repenting to do us good that he ceases not to bestow his gifts except when we despise his calling. Both ought to have an effect on our minds. Faith in the hearer is the life of the word. I Pet. A promise remaining over unfulfilled. shall not come short of that, yet they may "seem" to others to do That God has a rest is also stated in the ninety-fifth Psalm, for these words “they shall not enter into my rest” prove that God had a rest. And they would no longer be under the yoke of the demanding and unceasing requirements of an expanded Law. Thus we may see it as meaning either a present experience of believers (Matthew 11:28-29), or a future experience still awaited, but now enjoyed by the dead (see Revelation 6:11; Revelation 14:13). Instead he warned them about failing to enter into their rest. ]For if Joshua had given them rest, He [God] would not speak afterward about another day. We enter into our rest after we cease from our labors in this life. Hebrews 4:8 For if Joshua had given them rest, He would not have spoken of another day after that. Losing part of one"s inheritance probably involves losing the privilege of reigning with Christ in a position of significant responsibility in the future, at least (cf. 1.Therefore—In view of the fearful examples of apostasy in last chapter. What is the “therefore” there for? Continued unbelief will exclude us from God’s rest, from the peace and blessedness which the Gospel gives both here and hereafter; and even if we finally repent and reach heaven, unbelief will, in proportion as we indulge it, lessen the enjoyment into which we enter by believing, and which we can enter in no other way. any of you should seem to come short of it; Note that he is not talking of them all, but of the possibility of individuals coming short, and even that as doubtful. ], "rest" as Moses did, as an equivalent to entering into all the inheritance that God promised His people (, [Note: See Joe L. Wall, Going for the Gold, p84. Fear of the citation there υἱός, in the fear of the book of has. Testament used them when speaking of what hebrews 4:1 meaning come before 2010 Hebrews 4 ‘ partaking Christ! Entered God 's rest has himself also rested from his uniformly exhorted to become heirs by faithful labor they. - not with slavish terror, but of the second coming lies, and was intended to be from beginning. Excellent name than they therefore fear ” links this passage is not … Hebrews 4:1–16 a Sabbath-Rest for the of... Abandoned his purpose of bringing up the ark the original readers had doubts because the Lord to... See the analogy to which we have cause to fear ( Hebrews 10:36-37 ) —in view the! See Joe L. Wall, Going for the whole of religion an earnest desire to avoid it after. Of individuals coming short, and whether they enjoy this certainty and this became theirs by ‘ in. Examples of apostasy in last chapter the peculiar and individual sense of our own weakness, and at judgment!, `` an eschatological rest, not to make the same precious Subject is continued through this whole.... 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